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Since many equate size to God's favor, they may improperly understand which of these churches is the true and faithful one. Which group best holds to the original teachings of the Christian faith? The Nicene Creed fittingly noted four marks of the True Church: one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic. Archdiocese of Washington, June 4, 2015 accessed 06/05/15) Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT). "You know the commandments: Do not commit adultery" (Luke ). And Jesus said to her...'sin no more'" (John 8:4,11). It should be noted that the current Pope, Benedict XVI, has re-looked into the doctrine of Limbo--and he questions it. Some stress too has been laid upon the objection that the ancient Christians had no clear conception of purgatory, and that they thought that the souls departed remained in uncertainty of salvation to the last day... We in the COG believe that the Bible teaches the idea that God has a plan that will give the non-elect an opportunity for salvation after this present age. The rabbit is a pagan symbol and has always been an emblem of fertility (Simrock, Mythologie, 551)... This was unacceptable to the Gentiles who later embraced Christianity, and who wished to continue with their Easter celebration. While both groups know the truth about Easter being a cross between a pagan holiday and Passover, only the COG continues to keep the biblical Passover. Actually, it is differences in the prophetic understandings of both groups that will have the most immediate negative effects on humankind in the very near future. And again He says, "Whosoever shall have left lands, or houses, or parents, or brethren, or children because of Me, he shall receive in this world an hundred-fold, and in that to come he shall inherit eternal life." For what are the hundred-fold [rewards] in this word, the entertainments given to the poor, and the suppers for which a return is made? Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses be without men, and the earth be left a desert. The poet Commodian (Instructiones, 41, 42, 44) as well as Lactantius (Institutiones, VII) proclaim the millennial realm and describe its splendour... In the early second century, Papias, who was a hearer of John and a friend of Polycarp (and is considered to have been a saint by Roman Catholics), in the second century, also taught about the millennial reign.
While both groups publicly provide doctrinal and historical materials, relatively few (if any) have attempted to do a detailed comparison of the two groups, especially in the 21st century. This fairly long article will attempt to highlight some of the major similarities and dissimilarities between the Roman Catholic Church and the genuine Church of God --with a focus on the early beliefs of those who professed Christianity. These marks identify four essential qualities and characteristics of the Church that distinguish the True Church from any false claimants. Church of God, which attempts to represent the most faithful remnant of the Philadelphia portion of the Church of God, bases its beliefs on the Holy Bible. "Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation" (Revelation ). Commandment 9 "Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord. "And you have tested those who say they are apostles and are not, and have found them liars" (Revelation 2:2). 09/04/13) It does not seem logical that a statement in the middle of the tenth commandment could be made as a commandment separate from the rest of that statement. The Vatican put out a paper "The Hope of Salvation for Infants Who Die Without Being Baptized" in April 2007 that essentially explains that God probably has a better plan than Limbo (some pontiffs in the past--Gregory I, Innocent I, Gelasius I--have suggested worse plans for infants, see De Rosa, p. There are several passages in the New Testament that point to a process of purification after death. It should be noted that the Catholic Saint Irenaeus taught that Adam and others still had a chance for eternal life--more information can be found in the article Hope of Salvation: How the Church of God Differs from Protestantism. The Easter Fire The Easter Fire is lit on the top of mountains (Easter mountain, Osterberg) and must be kindled from new fire, drawn from wood by friction (nodfyr); this is a custom of pagan origin in vogue all over Europe, signifying the victory of spring over winter (Holweck F. To this day there is a dispute between Eastern Orthodox Christians and Western Christianity. Also the COG does not observe Lent nor Ash Wedneday as they were not original practices of the church. If the COG is correct (and the Bible is on the COG's side here), then those that rely more on tradition (the Roman Catholic Church acceptance of non-godly private prophecies and writings of its "Fathers") will be supporting the Beast power that the Bible warns against. These are [to take place] in the times of the kingdom, that is, upon the seventh day, which has been sanctified, in which God rested from all the works which He created, which is the true Sabbath of the righteous, which they shall not be engaged in any earthly occupation; but shall have a table at hand prepared for them by God, supplying them with all sorts of dishes (Irenaeus. And after these things the LORD shall remove us men far away (longe nos faciet Deus homines), and those who shall remain shall multiply upon the earth." Then Daniel also says this very thing: "And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of those under the heaven, is given to the saints of the Most High God, whose kingdom is everlasting, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him." And lest the promise named should be understood as referring to this time, it was declared to the prophet: "And come thou, and stand in thy lot at the consummation of the days." Now, that the promises were not announced to the prophets and the fathers alone, but to the Churches united to these from the nations (Irenaeus. Moreover, the attitude of the Church towards the secular power had undergone a change with closer connection between her and the Roman empire. One early source taught this about Papias: It may also be worth while to add to the statements of Papias already given...
Roman Catholic Church: The Catholic view is different from such an individualistic and mechanical approach. The Original Church in Smyrna Was Faithful Both teach that the original church in Smyrna was faithful to what was taught by the apostles. Christianity was preached to the inhabitants at an early date. More recently, devotion to Our Lady of Fatima was accepted and encouraged by the Church. It is not their role to improve or complete Christ’s definitive Revelation... Commandment 4 "What man is there among you who has one sheep, and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? Therefore, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath" (Matthew -12). However, it may be of interest to read what noted historian K. Latourette observed about Origen as it is closer to the Roman Catholic position on purgatory, but closer COG position on the what will happen to those not converted in this age: Origen taught that ultimately all the spirits who have fallen away from God will be restored to full harmony with Him. When, therefore, all rational souls shall have been restored to a condition of this kind, then the nature of this body of ours will undergo a change into the glory of a spiritual body. A name given in the history of theology to the doctrine which teaches that a time will come when all free creatures will share in the grace of salvation; in a special way, the devils and lost souls. All souls, all impenitent beings that have gone astray, shall, therefore, be restored sooner or later to God's friendship. Christian love should be shown to people of all ethnicities (Romans ; Luke -37). Irenaeus correctly indicates, that he seems to have similarities to the one who would be the final Antichrist. Easter is the principal feast of the ecclesiastical year. Some, in fact, rightly label it as ‘Roman-Easter’" (p. Of course, what is not generally realized by the speakers of non-Latin languages is that the Romans did not use the name "Easter" for their new celebration; they continued to call it by the Latin word for Passover, paschalis (Ogwyn J. Most religious leaders know that Easter is the name of an ancient pagan goddess (spelled Ishtar) and some even know that the custom of Easter observance is totally UNCHRISTIAN! XI, xxix; "Quod ipse [se imperator] fecerit, si canonicum est, sequimur; si vero canonicum non est, in quantum sine peccato nostro, portamus." In taking this line Gregory was undoubtedly influenced by his deep reverence for the emperor, whom he regarded as the representative of God in all things secular, and must still be treated with all possible respect, even when he encroached on the borders of the papal authority (Huddleston, G. And he who misses the murderous exhibition is grieved, because he was not doomed to be a spectator of wicked and impious and abominable deeds (Tatian. Which is plainly spoken of that city, when it was heathen, the head of the terrene dominion of the world, the persecutor of the Apostles and their successors, the seat of Nero, Domitian, and the like, Christ's special enemies, the sink of idolatry, and false worship of the Pagan gods (Annotations on Chapter 17 of the Apocalypse. Yet, it should be realized that there are Roman and Byzantine Catholic prophecies that look forward to Babel/Babylon being re-established. For Isaiah spake thus concerning this space of a thousand years: 'For there shall be the new heaven and the new earth, and the former shall not be remembered, or come into their heart; but they shall find joy and gladness in it, which things I create'... I believe that as the last days come to an end so will the sixth day of creation (Culligan E. And while that type of "universal salvation" is interesting, those "saved" then combined with those who the Catholics teach were saved while alive earlier or in purgatory still only amounts to less than probably 30% of all humans to ever lived.
Approximate Quotes from: A History of the Church of God--The Transition from Sardis to the Philadelphia Era. GUARDING THE DEPOSIT OF FAITH IS THE MISSION WHICH THE LORD ENTRUSTED TO HIS CHURCH, and which she fulfills in every age. At the press conference, along with Jesuit Father Federico Lombardi, director of the Holy See Press Office, were the spokesmen of the different languages: in Spanish, Father Manuel Dorantes; in Italian, Father Bernard Hagenkord; in English, Father Thomas Rosica; and in French, Romilda Ferrauto. Polycarp and the presbyters with him to the church of God that sojourns at Philippi (Polycarp. 1 Corinthians 1:2) or another word, with it (1 Timothy ). The question at issue is, whether the Apostles did, or did not, establish in the Christian communities a hierarchical organization. The evidence thus far considered seems to demonstrate beyond all question that the hierarchical organization of the Church was, in its essential elements, the work of the Apostles themselves; and that to this hierarchy they handed on the charge entrusted to them by Christ of governing the Kingdom of God, and of teaching the revealed doctrine. I have tried to take space to MAKE IT CLEAR in this article (Armstrong, Herbert W. He was the Apostle to Israel while Paul was the Apostle to the Gentiles (Galatians 2:9). )—a bishop is essentially an elder who is a pastor or overseer (compare Acts 20 vss. John specifically taught what he learned from the beginning and the Bible is clear that John taught the truth of Christianity from the beginning (1 John 1:1-3; 2:3-4). I, therefore, brethren, am now 65 years in the Lord, who having conferred with the brethren throughout the world, and having studied the whole of the sacred Scriptures, am not at all alarmed at those things with which I am threatened, to intimidate me. (Hebrews 4:3-6,9-11, NJB) But what is the feast of the Sabbath except that which the apostle speaks, "There remaineth therefore a Sabbatism," that is, the observance of the Sabbath, by the people of God..us see how the Sabbath ought to be observed by a Christian. And when the synagogue was dismissed, many of the Jews, and of the strangers serving God, followed Paul and Barnabas: who speaking exhorted them to continue in the grace of God. While the Ephesians were told to live differently than the other Gentiles in whose nation they co-existed with, those with Justin Martyr could not be distinguished. There are several words rendered "repent" in the Bible. The Ten Commandments are precepts bearing on the fundamental obligations of religion and morality and embodying the revealed expression of the Creator's will in relation to man's whole duty to God and to his fellow-creatures. And this is prophesied to continue into the future, as the Apostle John was inspired to write,“the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus” (Revelation )... The worship that belongs alone to God he transfers to Antichrist himself—to the creature, male and female, deceased—to images, carcasses, and relics. Seeing that this doctrine is not contained, at least explicitly in the earlier forms of the Apostles' Creed, there is perhaps no ground for surprise if we do not meet with any clear traces of the cultus of the Blessed Virgin in the first Christian centuries. In truth, the Eucharist performs at once two functions: that of a sacrament and that of a sacrifice... "In the Mandaean mass" writes Cumont ("Mysterien des Mithra", Leipzig, 1903, p.118), "the celebrant consecrated bread and water, which he mixed with perfumed Haoma-juice, and ate this food while performing the functions of divine service". Since Jesus was only to be sacrificed once, the idea of a daily or weekly 'sacrifice of the mass' is opposed to the Bible and the original faith. Translated by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. In St, Thomas' time (III:82:3), the deacons were allowed to administer only the Chalice to the laity, and in case of necessity the Sacred Host also, at the bidding of the bishop or priest. He is especially remembered for his zeal..he popularized, with the help of St. Hannan, Archbishop of New Orleans, November 19, 1974. 26 And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. (Matthew ,26 Douay-Rheims) 22 And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. (Mark , Douay-Rheims) 19 And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. (Luke , Douay-Rheims) 16 The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ ? (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/04/13) Notice that even though they believe the Holy Spirit is a separate person, the Roman Catholics admit that comments in scripture about "Spirit" have different meanings/applications. Hippolytus of Rome, The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910). Wherefore just as, before Christ, the mystery of Christ was believed explicitly by the learned, but implicitly and under a veil, so to speak, by the simple, so too was it with the mystery of the Trinity. Literally translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. 40 For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. But notice to WHOM Christ witnessed about the flood. 1973) When Did Jesus Preach to the Spirits in Prison? That it is not meet for Christians to bear arms (Hippolytus. But to the unbelieving and despisers, who obey not the truth, but are obedient to unrighteousness, when they shall have been filled with adulteries and fornications, and filthiness, and covetousness, and unlawful idolatries, there shall be anger and wrath, tribulation and anguish, and at the last everlasting fire shall possess such men (Theophilus of Antioch. For even the very word spoken to him testifies to him, saying, "Before I formed you in the belly I knew you; and before you came forth out of the womb I sanctified you, and I ordained you a prophet unto the nations." But he was not a prophet unto the nations; and thus the truthful word of God makes it necessary, which it has promised to set forth, that he should be a prophet to the nations.
The Church of God and sometimes with a location or another word associated with it (Armstrong HW. Many, in fact, addressed the situation of the divorced that have remarried civilly and wish to access Communion. I write so that you may know how you ought to conduct yourself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth (1 Timothy , NKJV). The Apostolic Fathers--Greek Text and English Translations, 3rd printing 2004. Romans ) though often with another term, like a geographic region (cf. The Church Should Have a Hierarchical Governance Both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of God believe in hierarchical governance. For a bishop must be without crime." These presbyters form a corporate body (1 Timothy ), and they are entrusted with the twofold charge of governing the Church (1 Timothy 3:5) and of teaching (1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:9)... This crucial crux chapter has been misunderstood, twisted and distorted. Peter, along with the Apostle John, played a prominent role in the early Christian church. This is especially true since none of those early “Bishops of Rome” claim to have held the position of apostle (or even bishop! For in Asia great lights have fallen asleep, which shall rise again in the day of the Lord’s appearing, in which he will come with glory from heaven, and will raise up all the saints; Philip, one of the twelve apostles, who sleeps in Hierapolis… and my relatives always observed the day when the people threw away the leaven [Abib 14]. That Whitsunday belongs to the Apostolic times is stated in the seventh of the (interpolated) fragments attributed to St. In Tertullian (De bapt., xix) the festival appears as already well established (Holweck F. 11 Let us, then, press forward to enter this place of rest, or some of you might copy this example of refusal to believe and be lost. And they going forth, they desired them that the Sabbath following they would speak unto them these words. Electronic version copyright © 1997 by New Advent, Inc. If real repentance is not equated with remorse, regret or even acts of penance, then what is it? deka, ten, and logos, a word), the Ten Words of Sayings, the latter name generally applied by the Greek Fathers. In New Testament times and throughout history, true Christians have stiven to obey the law of God, including keeping the Ten Commandments. Christ never had an enemy like this; so able to pervert the way of truth into falsehood, insomuch that the true church, with her children, is trodden under foot. Devotion to Our Blessed Lady in its ultimate analysis must be regarded as a practical application of the doctrine of the Communion of Saints. In the early part of the first century, it is unlikely that the Occasionally a collection would be taken for the poor at the end. By the end of the first century, the standard Christian liturgical observations would be as follows. The simple fact that numerous heretics...repudiated the Mass as "idolatry", while retaining the Sacrament of the true Body and Blood of Christ, proves that the Sacrament of the Eucharist is something essentially different from the Sacrifice of the Mass. No prayers to dead saints (including Mary) are offered in COG services, and Passover is an annual event. The ancient Hydroparastatæ, or Aquarians, who used water instead of wine, were heretics in her eyes... Towards the close of the Middle Ages IHS became a symbol , quite like the SAINT BERNADINE OF SIENA 1380-1444... 19 And the disciples did as Jesus appointed to them, and they prepared the pasch. The Holy Spirit is inherent in the Father and the Son, and emanates from Them throughout the entire universe (1 Kings ; Psalm 139:7; Jeremiah ). Hippolytus was the most important theologian and the most prolific religious writer of the Roman Church in the pre-Constantinian era (St. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Books II and III (Sects 47-80), It is impossible to believe explicitly in the mystery of Christ, without faith in the Trinity... A booklet of related interest may be Should You Observe God's Holy Days or Demonic Holidays? Leaders of both groups in modern times realize that the idea of Jesus' descent into Hades to preach to dead humans after the crucifixion is not from the Bible. doctrine appears to be unknown in the New Testament. 15:3 and 20) but "WHEN once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing ..." (I Peter ). Yet these also have spoken beforehand of the punishments that are to light upon the profane and unbelieving, in order that none be left without a witness, or be able to say, "We have not heard, neither have we known." But do you also, if you please, give reverential attention to the prophetic Scriptures, and they will make your way plainer for escaping the eternal punishments, and obtaining the eternal prizes of God... Many think that there is Elisha, or Moses, with Elijah; but both of these died; while the death of Elijah is not heard of, with whom all our ancients have believed that it was Jeremiah.
1 Corinthians 1:2) or another word, with it (1 Timothy ). (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/07/13) The Roman Catholic Church teaches the same visible organization (though its other literature suggests it somewhat includes autonomous groups, like the Eastern Orthodox) is the true Church. This tracing provides information that demonstrates that the true Church of God (COG) is neither Protestant nor Eastern Orthodox nor Roman Catholic, but is truly the church that holds the same beliefs as the original apostles. The words run: "Wheresoever the bishop shall appear, there let the people be, even as where Jesus may be, there is the universal [katholike] Church." However, in view of the context, some difference of opinion prevails as to the precise connotation of the italicized word..the beginning of the fourth century it seems to have almost entirely supplanted the primitive and more general meaning... 155) to "the bishop of the catholic church in Smyrna" (Letter on the Martyrdom of St. The doctrine of the Church as set forth by the Apostles after the Ascension is in all respects identical with the teaching of Christ just described. Peter, in his first sermon, delivered on the day of Pentecost, declares that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messianic king (Acts ). Thus it does not appear that Peter was considered to be the bishop of Rome during Paul's lifetime (and they both died about the same time) as Rome was clearly a Gentile area. And in this state of affairs they held fellowship with each other; and Anicetus conceded to Polycarp in the Church the celebration of the Eucharist, by way of showing him respect (Irenaeus. Translated by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. To these things all the Asiatic Churches testify, as do also those men who have succeeded Polycarp down to the present time -- a man who was of much greater weight, and a more stedfast witness of truth, than Valentinus, and Marcion, and the rest of the heretics. Anyhow the heresies are at best novelties, and have no continuity with the teaching of Christ. But if any shall be found to be judaizers, let them be anathema from Christ (THE COMPLETE CANONS OF THE SYNOD OF LAODICEA IN PHRYGIA PACATIANA). We must then continue to search our lives and be willing to confess our sins and shortcomings as we discover them. While the Church of Rome tends to claim that its beliefs come from sacred scripture or the traditions of the original apostles, the idea of auricular confession and penance did not come from either source--they are late heresies, essentially adopted from non-Christian sources. History of Auricular Confession and the 'Sacrament of Confession' 09/04/13) The COG considers repentance and confession to God necessary for Christians. Every discussion of revelation notes that revelation ended when the last apostle died. Catholicism and fundamentalism: the attack on "Romanism" by "Bible Christians." Ignatius Press, 1988, p. [Correct] traditions..right and decent standards derived from biblical principles (Mc Nair R. This is a major difference between the COG and the Roman Catholics (an article of possible interest may be Tradition and the Bible). Another division has been adopted by the English and Helvetian Protestant churches on the authority of Philo Judæus, Josephus, Origen, and others, whereby two Commandments are made to cover the matter of worship, and thus the numbering of the rest is advanced one higher; and the Tenth embraces both the Ninth and Tenth of the Catholic division. Commandment 2 "You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve" (Matthew ). In the Middle Ages, the doctrine of purgatory was rejected by the Albigenses, Waldenses, and Hussites. Purgatory as the Romans teach it, clearly was not an original part of "the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints " (Jude 3). 09/07/13) It should be noted that the COG considers that it practices apostolic Christianity and that some of the Albigenses, Cathari, Waldenses, Bogomils, and Vaudois were part of the COG and thus historically, the COG has never accepted the Roman Catholic Church doctrine of purgatory--please see Did the Early Church Teach Purgatory? For more on history, please also see the article The Churches of Revelation 2 & 3. 135 taught, For I choose to follow not men or men's doctrines, but God and the doctrines [delivered] by Him. One day has our Saviour set apart for a commemoration of our deliverance, namely, of His most holy Passion" (Theodoret of Cyrus. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Volume 3. One of these, being perfectly preserved, measured about seven inches in diameter and was creased with seven ridges which facilitated the breaking of the loaf without the aid of a knife. The finger of the Lord-the Holy Spirit, by whose operation the tables of the law in Exodus are said to have been written (Melito. But as to those animals which do indeed chew the cud, but have not the double hoof, and are themselves unclean..Lord says, "Why call ye Me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say to you? Hence the Catholics (and the Protestants that follow this edict) are relying on a pronouncement of a bishop of Rome. Popes have divided the known and yet to be discovered world between colonial powers..plunged nations and continents into war (Duffy, Eamon. The Bible also teaches that this world has been deceived by Satan the devil (Revelation 12:9) and that God’s people need to be separate from the world (John ; 2 Corinthians -17; Revelation 18:4). Nay more, we produce two witnesses, those who stood before Lord on Mount Sinai: Moses was in a cleft of the rock, and Elias was once in a cleft of the rock: they being present with Him at His Transfiguration on Mount Tabor (Cyril of Jerusalem. They have much in common with the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijah ( Kurz W. And if anyone would harm them, fire pours out from their mouth and consumes their foes; if anyone would harm them, thus he is doomed to be killed. This Pope will have with him the great Monarch, a most virtuous man, who shall be an eminent leader of the holy line of French Kings.
Polycarp became prominent during the first couple of decades of the second century. Romans ) though often with another term, like a geographic region (cf. While Peter played a predominant role among the apostles, after his death, that leadership role would have passed to another apostle (John) and not to an elder who may have lived in Rome. (Pope: Truth, not trend, must guide Christians in dialogue with others. Tracing the history of the Christian church through the seven churches of Revelation 2 & 3 gives strong indications of who the descendants of the true church are today (for more details, please see the article The Churches of Revelation 2 & 3). Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans, written about the year 110. New Testament Church Started in Jerusalem on Pentecost Both teach that the New Testament Church started on Pentecost in Acts 2. (for he that wrought in Peter to the Apostleship of the circumcision, wrought in me also among the Gentiles) (Galatians 2:7-8, Rheims NT of 1582, unless otherwise indicated). And when the blessed Polycarp was sojourning in Rome in the time of Anicetus, although a slight controversy had arisen among them as to certain other points…For neither could Anicetus persuade Polycarp to forego the observance [in his own way], inasmuch as these things had been always observed by John the disciple of our Lord, and by other apostles with whom he had been conversant; nor, on the other hand, could Polycarp succeed in persuading Anicetus to keep [the observance in his way], for he maintained that he was bound to adhere to the usage of the presbyters who preceded him. But Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of the Church in Smyrna…always taught the things which he had learned from the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true. Pentecost Was Observed on a Sunday Although many, but not all, Jews observe Pentecost on Sivan 6, both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of God observe Pentecost on a Sunday. The term, adopted from the Greek-speaking Jews (Tob. ; Josephus, "Ant.", III, x, 6; etc.) alludes to the fact that the feast, known in the Old Testament as "the feast of harvest of the firstfruits" (Exodus ), "the feast of weeks" (Exodus ; Deuteronomy : II Paralipomenon ), the "day of firstfruits" (Numbers ), and called by later Jews 'asereth or 'asartha (solemn assembly, and probably "closing festival", Pentecost being the closing festival of the harvest and of the Paschal season) (Souvay C. CHRISTIANS must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honouring the Lord's Day; and, if they can, resting then as Christians. If we admit our powerlessness to change ourselves on our own, then believe and trust in God's power to do so through Jesus Christ and His sacrifice, and humbly ask Him to take over our lives, we are on the way! Tomorrow's World magazine, May-June 2001) And while the Bible advocates repentance, penance is from outside of sacred scripture as well as the earliest traditions of the true Church of God. They believe, however, that it ended up the death of the last apostle...study the first chapter of any elemental theological work by a Catholic. Dominic" the inquisitor in the early 13th century)--and such "private prophecies" do not need to be believed, even by Catholics. Scripture is inspired in thought and word and contains knowledge of what is needed for salvation ( While the COG considers that tradition can have a certain value, it specifically does not believe that tradition can be used to accept teachings contrary to scripture. Reprint TAN Books ,1990, p.23) Supposedly, when the apparition appeared on October 13, 1917, Lucia, Francisco, and Jacinta saw her hold a brown scapular in her hand (Madigan L. According to this manner of reckoning, the injunction forbidding the use of the Lord's Name in vain comes second in order; and the decimal number is safeguarded by making a division of the final precept on concupiscence--the Ninth pointing to sins of the flesh and the Tenth to desires for unlawful possession of goods. "And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength. "You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve" (Luke 4:8). The faith of the Church concerning purgatory is clearly expressed in the Decree of Union drawn up by the Council of Florence (Mansi, t. 1031), and in the decree of the Council of Trent... The history of the Christian church from the birth of Christ to the xviii. The fact is that neither the Greeks (the Orthodox) nor the true Church of God ever adopted purgatory, nor abandoned the teaching of apocatastasis. Roman Catholic Church: The Roman Catholic Saint Justin c. It must also be borne in mind, that upon so important a point as the celebration of a feast of such sanctity, discord is wrong. The loaves discovered in an oven of a bakery at Pompeii weighed about a pound each. The unclean, however, are those which do neither divide the hoof nor ruminate... The above book should have said the obligations of biblical origin as the dietary restrictions began with God and not Jews (the distinction between clean and unclean animals was known by at least Noah's time, since God so declared in Genesis 7:2-3; no one called of God in the Old Testament is ever shown to have consumed unclean meat). As the Roman empire collapsed, and the barbarian nations arose to fill the vacuum, the popes..themselves to shape the destiny of the West...creating emperors, deposing monarchs... The Apostle Peter taught that God’s people were “a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out” (1 Peter 2:9). Commentary on the Apocalypse, From the 11th Chapter). These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands which stand before the Lord of the earth. At the same time, by the will of God, a most holy man shall receive the Papacy, who will be most perfect in every spiritual perfection.